Doctors prescribe different types of medication to diabetes patients. The most common medication is that which helps the pancreas release more insulin. Other drugs slow down the rate at which starch is digested. This way, small amounts of glucose are absorbed into the bloodstream, so the little amount of insulin released only has small amounts of glucose to deal with at a time. Drugs that limit the amount of glucose released from the liver due to metabolic processes also help diabetes patients with low insulin.
Type I diabetes treatment has already been covered. The focus here is Type II diabetes treatment. A standard method of treatment is taking insulin. A more contemporary method of treatment is taking SGLT2 inhibitors. With these inhibitors, sugar leaves the body directly via urine without processing in the kidneys.
GLP-1 inhibitors and DPP-4 inhibitors keep blood sugar levels low. The difference is that the former slows the digestion to maintain the blood sugar in check while the latter achieves its purpose without altering the rate of digestion.
Other medications contain thiazolidinedione and meglitinides, which increase the pancreas responsiveness to insulin. Metformin and Sulfonylureas have the same effect. These medications have different side effects. Doctors should advise patients on the side effects and recommend the medication that will best suit a particular patient.
A pancreas transplant is also a viable option for Type I diabetes patients. If the body does not reject the organ, a patient no longer requires insulin shots. After a pancreas transplant, a patient is required to take medication that bars the system from rejecting the organ.
A pancreas transplant is an effective treatment method, but it does not always work because the body might reject the organ from the very beginning. Also, a pancreas transplant is not standard procedure and is only considered if a patient has fatal cases of hypoglycemia that are hard to control by administering insulin. Patients requiring pancreas transplants go on a waiting list unless they have a donor.